OliveriaRafael Oliveira received his Ph.D. in Integrative Biology from the University of California, Berkeley, where he worked with Todd Dawson. He was a postdoc with Luiz Martinelli at University of São Paulo. He is currently a Professor at the Department of Plant Biology at the University of Campinas, Brazil, and an Adjunct Professor at the University of Western Australia. His research is focused on plant functional ecology, plant hydraulics, ecohydrology and mineral nutrition of wild plants. His group is currently interested in understanding the diversity of hydraulic traits and water acquisition mechanisms of tropical tree species and the impacts of severe droughts on plant performance and ecosystem functioning.

FisherRosie Fisher is a project scientist in the Terrestrial Sciences Section working on development of the Community Land Model. Her research is primarily motivated by the potential for the biosphere to generate large feedbacks to climate change, via changes in CO2 balance, evaporation and trace gas emissions. Within this, she is involved in the development and testing of new methods for simulating the future of global ecosystems and their responses to change. The development of ‘predictive ecology’ is in its infancy, and our understanding of ecosystem processes is far from ideal. Dynamic Global Vegetation Models, that attempt to predict the distribution and structure of ecosystems in the future, are thus a necessary but imperfect means by which we attempt to forecast the impacts of global environmental change on natural ecosystems. My interests currently span a wide spectrum of issues related to the development of simulation models of ecosystem function. Normally, this involves increasing the complexity of a model so that it provides a higher resolution simulation of the real world. Ideally, we hope to find instances where the self-organizing properties of ecosystems allow us to simplify our model structure. Harnessing the emergent behaviour of plants and ecosystems arguably provides the most promising avenue for the development of predictive models of the biosphere.

GhimireChandra Prasad Ghimire is a post-doctoral researcher in tropical ecohydrology Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation (ITC) University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands. Chandra Prasad Ghimire completed his Bachelor degree (with distinction) in Civil Engineering from Tribhuvan University, Pokhara (Nepal) in 2005 and a Master of Technology degree in Water Resources Engineering (with distinction) from the Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi in 2009. In 2014 he obtained his doctoral degree at the VU University Amsterdam (The Netherlands) for his thesis titled “Hydrological impacts of reforesting degraded pasture lands in the Middle Mountain Zone of Central Nepal.” Since 2014, he has been working as a post-doctoral researcher in the P4GES project (‘Can capturing global ecosystem service values reduce poverty?’) studying the contrasting ecohydrological behaviour of degraded grasslands, regenerating forest and mature forest in Eastern Madagascar. Chandra has co-authored 10 papers to date and was the recipient of the 2012 ITC Research Award for best scientific paper by an ITC-UT PhD student. His main research interests include hillslope hydrology, ecohydrological processes, the effects of land-use change on annual and seasonal water yields, and catchment hydrology and modeling.

JasechkoScott Jasechko is an assistant professor of water resources at the University of Calgary. He completed his masters at the University of Waterloo and his doctorate at the University of New Mexico before joining the University of Calgary in January of 2015. Some of his research focuses on compiling and analyzing large datasets to try to better understand water movements at continental-scales.

 

McDonnellJeffrey J. McDonnell is Professor of Hydrology and Associate Director of the Global Institute for Water Security at the University of Saskatchewan (Canada). He was previously Richardson Chair in Watershed Science and University Distinguished Professor at Oregon State University. He holds the title of 6th Century Chair in Hydrology at the University of Aberdeen and is Honorary Professor at the Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute. He has a BSc from the University of Toronto, MSc from Trent University and PhD and DSc from the University of Canterbury, where he studied as a Commonwealth Scholar. His work focuses on new ways to measure, understand and model streamflow generation processes. Jeff has co-authored ~250 articles on watershed hydrology and co-edited the Elsevier textbook “Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology”. He is Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (Canada’s National Academy of Science), and a Fellow of the Geological Society of America, the American Geophysical Union, the International Water Academy and the Royal Geographical Society (UK). He has received the Dalton Medal from the European Geophysical Union, the Birdsall-Dreiss Distinguished Lecturer Award from the Geological Society of America, the Gordon Warwick Award from the British Geomorphological Research Group and the Nystrom Award from the Association of American Geographers. He is currently President-Elect of the AGU Hydrology Section.

MulliganMark Mulligan is Reader in Geography at King’s College London.  He works with a large team of PhD students on a variety of topics in the areas of environmental spatial policy support, ecosystem service modelling and understanding environmental change.  This research is at scales from local to global and with a particular emphasis on tropical forests in Latin America and semi-arid drylands in the Mediterranean and Africa.  He is developer of a range of open datasets at geodata.policysupport.org and free web-based policy support systems at www.policysupport.org.  These include a range of hydroclimatic and land cover datasets and the WaterWorld hydrological and ecosystem services modelling tool.

SampurnoSampurno Bruijnzeel is a Dutch national with >40 years of experience in forest hydrological and related research across the humid tropics of Asia and Latin America with a particular focus on the hydrology and biogeochemistry of montane cloud forests and tree plantations as well the soil and water impacts of deforestation and reforestation. He read geology, hydrology and meteorology at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VUA) and tropical soil science at the University of Amsterdam. In 1976 Sampurno moved to Indonesia to conduct field research for his doctoral dissertation on the hydrology and biogeochemistry of man-made forests in Java. Combining the latter with a part-time lecturership at VUA since 1978 teaching courses in, inter alia, soil physics and forest hydrology, he completed his thesis in January 1983. Retaining a part-time position at VUA until 1991 Sampurno conducted several extensive consultancies in the 1980s including studies on erosion and sediment yield in Java, plus commissioned literature reviews on Himalayan hydrology (published by ICIMOD, 1989) and tropical forest hydrology (UNESCO, 1990) before effectively becoming tenured at VUA in 1991 and ultimately becoming Professor of Land Use and Hydrology there in 2008 from which position he retired in March 2015. During his last years at VUA, Sampurno led its Critical Zone Hydrology Group (http://www.hydrology-amsterdam.nl/). In 2005 he received the Busk medal from the Royal Geographical Society (UK) for his contributions to biosphere research in the humid tropics while he served as guest professor of the Distinguished International Scientist programme of the University of Pennsylvania in spring 2008. Sampurno has contributed to over 225 scientific publications (Google Scholar H-Index = 46) and has been a long-term member of several editorial boards, including the Journal of Tropical Ecology, Hydrological Processes (until 2012), Ecohydrology, and Geo_Oekologie. He acted as editor of two landmark books on Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics (2005) and Tropical Montane Cloud Forests (2010), both published by Cambridge University Press. He has been a member of IUCN’s Commission on Ecosystem Management since 2008 and scientific advisor to the Commonland Foundation for the regreening of degraded lands since 2013. Sampurno is currently affiliated with King’s College London as a visiting senior research fellow (http://www.kcl.ac.uk/sspp/departments/geography/people/visit/DrSampurnoBruijnzeel.aspx) working on various publications documenting the global soil and water impacts of tropical soil degradation and reforestation as well as a new monograph on Himalayan ecohydrology.

SteppeKathy Steppe is Bio-engineer (Environmental Technology), Doctor in Applied Biological Sciences and Associate Professor at Ghent University. Since 2008, she manages the Laboratory of Plant Ecology (http://www.plantecology.ugent.be) of the Department of Applied Ecology and Environmental Biology (UGent), which is specialized in plant ecophysiology. Kathy uses an array of plant sensors and plant models, along with medical imaging techniques, to study the dynamic responses of trees and crops to their environment. Plant water relations and carbon metabolism are jointly investigated to better understand the dynamic plant-environment interplay, with a special emphasis on drought in a changing climate. She also is the Department chair, and member of the steering committee and work package leader of the COST action Studying Tree Responses to extreme Events: a SynthesiS (STReESS). In her papers, she reports on new discoveries and high-tech developments within the ecophysiological plant research.

VillegasJuan Camilo Villegas is an assistant professor in the School of Environment, Universidad de Antioquia (Medellín, Colombia).  His work addresses the effects of vegetation change (including land use change) on ecohydrological processes in tropical, as well as temperate, ecosystems. His work includes multiple spatial and temporal scales, from plot to subcontinental scales and their link to ecosystem regulation services.  His current work addresses the effects of land use change in tropical Mountain ecosystems in the central Andes of Colombia and how these chances can affect water and soil dynamics in these highly strategic systems.  He is also working on understanding the effects of large scale ecosystem effects on climate via atmospheric transport of moisture and ecoclimatic teleconnections, with a focus on the Amazon forest as a key regulator of South American precipitation dynamics.

JagdishJagdish Krishnaswamy has a B.Tech in Civil Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai and a MS in statistics and Ph.D in environmental science from Duke University, North Carolina, U.S.A He is a Senior Fellow and Convenor of the Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE), Bangalore and Affiliate faculty at the National Centre for Biological Sciences-TIFR, Bangalore. His runs a network of densely instrumented catchments in the Western Ghats and in Sikkim in the Eastern Himalayas. His current interests are in ecohydrology, ecological flows, and landscape ecology.